Symβiosis aims to provide resources, commentaries and analysis, on political, social and cultural ideas and developments affecting change and policy, original and creative, based on arguments, able to propose and debate solutions to critical issues, maintaining a broad intellectual scope and global reach that readers need to understand the choices shaping lives, and reflecting on Greece, the Balkans, Europe and the world.


Manual of European Environmental Policy (online)

IEEP and Earthscan have now published a renewed Manual of European Environmental Policy. The new and comprehensive source on EU environmental policy is published online by Earthscan and written by our interdisciplinary team of experts. It will also be available later in print form.
The Manual is the most reliable and comprehensive source on EU environmental policy and is an essential research tool for anyone working or researching in this field.
The Manual contains analysis of over 500 EU Directives, Decision and Regulations as well as information on forthcoming legislation and historic legislation. All areas of environmental policy are covered giving information on the purpose, substance and development of each item of legislation as well as an account of its implementation and enforcement across the EU.

The purpose and content of the Manual are described below:

Policy framework

Policy framework describes the institutional, legal and strategic framework for EU environmental policy. It sets out, for example, the principal functions of the main  EU institutions in the policy-making process. Changes relevant to the environment in successive EU Treaties are also described, as are the relevant strategic documents and processes such as the Sixth Environment Action Programme and the EU Sustainable Development Strategy.

Specific areas of environmental policy

These form the core of the Manual and contain details of policy measures that make up the main body of EU environmental law (the EU environmental acquis). EU environmental policy can be conveniently divided into specific areas (e.g. air quality, climate change, industrial pollution, water and marine, etc.). Each area is introduced with an overview of relevant EU policy and divided into sections that deal with individual items, or groups of items, of EU legislation.