Symβiosis aims to provide resources, commentaries and analysis, on political, social and cultural ideas and developments affecting change and policy, original and creative, based on arguments, able to propose and debate solutions to critical issues, maintaining a broad intellectual scope and global reach that readers need to understand the choices shaping lives, and reflecting on Greece, the Balkans, Europe and the world.




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Focusing back again on European Security: The Medvedev proposal as an opportunity

Date added: 09/02/2010
Date modified: 09/02/2010
Filesize: 288.86 kB
Downloads: 858

Jordi Vaquer i Fanés, Director of CIDOB

In 2008 Russian President Dmitri Medvedev proposed in Berlin a new approach to European Security, one which would secure borders and guarantee the territorial integrity of states that Russia saw endangered after the recognition of Kosovo’s independence by the vast majority of Western democracies. The proposal of an overarching treaty is now considered unworkable, but it has brought to the forefront the debate about European Security that had been sidelined by a focus on terrorism, the Middle East and Afghanistan in Western security agendas. This paper suggests ten ways in which the momentum could be seized to improve the general context of security in Europe, taking into account the issues raised by the Russian government without necessarily accepting all of its points of view.

Border Security in a Time of Transformation

Date added: 08/12/2010
Date modified: 08/12/2010
Filesize: 1.26 MB
Downloads: 1103
Rick "Ozzie" Nelson, Heather A. Conley, Teresita C. Schaffer, Ben Bodurian, Jamie Kraut, T.J. Cipoletti, Uttara Dukkipati, Robin J. Walker, Ania Rajca
Jul 14, 2010
Publisher CSIS

The September 11, 2001, attacks transformed American and international conceptions of border control. The U.S. government, for instance, had traditionally viewed border control as a mostly customs- and immigration-based challenge. But after 9/11, policymakers and officials increasingly viewed borders as potential points of entry for would-be terrorists. To better address this shortcoming, Congress created the Department of Homeland Security, to include the unified border enforcement agency, U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP). The bulked-up law enforcement agency brought together personnel from the former U.S. Customs Service and the Immigration and Naturalization Service, among other departments, and placed a renewed emphasis on protecting the nation's borders from terrorist infiltration.

Internationally, other countries also took steps to rethink approaches to border security in the post-9/11 environment. As governments have heightened their focus on border control, important differences have become apparent in how individual states approach organizational- and policy-based reforms. EU member states, for instance, have embraced a regional approach to border security by adopting common standards and moving toward a single, external border. Other countries, meanwhile, have turned inward to examine how national capabilities address—or, in some cases, fail to address—a growing litany of border security threats.

Poland and India exemplify these divergent approaches. The former presents an important test case in the European Union's efforts, through the Schengen Agreement, to eliminate internal EU borders and replace them with a single, external one. India, by contrast, has looked inward and undertaken an extensive overhaul of its border- and domestic-security apparatus following a devastating terrorist attack in November 2008. This brief study examines the Polish and Indian experiences with border control. It reviews their respective successes and shortcomings. And most important, it highlights what their experiences tell us more generally about post-9/11 border security strategy and policy.

Effects of Migration on Sending Countries: lessons from Bulgaria

Date added: 06/22/2010
Date modified: 07/06/2010
Filesize: 279.19 kB
Downloads: 945


Eugenia Markova
Hellenic Observatory Papers on Greece and Southeast Europe
May 2010

Research on Bulgarian migration has been rather sketchy often based on small purposive samples in selected host countries or on macro data of unreliable quality from Bulgaria itself. A thorough understanding of the impacts of migration for Bulgaria is needed to heighten the possibility for policy makers in both sending and receiving countries to help optimise the benefits of migration.

Attempting the Impossible? The Prospects and Limits of Mobility Partnerships and Circular Migration

Date added: 05/10/2010
Date modified: 07/06/2010
Filesize: 96.86 kB
Downloads: 886

Dr. Anna Triandafyllidou
Senior Research Fellow, Hellenic Foundation for European and Foreign Policy (ELIAMEP) , Athens
and Assistant Professor, Democritus University of Thrace

Europe’s shame - Death at the Borders of the EU

Date added: 05/10/2010
Date modified: 07/06/2010
Filesize: 31.16 kB
Downloads: 1245

Europe’s shame - Death at the Borders of the EU

Henk van Houtum, Freerk Boedeltje
Nijmegen Centre for Border Research,
Department of Geography,
Radboud University Nijmegen
The Netherlands