Symβiosis aims to provide resources, commentaries and analysis, on political, social and cultural ideas and developments affecting change and policy, original and creative, based on arguments, able to propose and debate solutions to critical issues, maintaining a broad intellectual scope and global reach that readers need to understand the choices shaping lives, and reflecting on Greece, the Balkans, Europe and the world.

 

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Turkey’s Geopolitical Assertiveness

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Date added: 05/28/2010
Date modified: 07/06/2010
Filesize: 311.42 kB
Downloads: 612
After 9/11 and the War on Terror, Turkey has  progressively and substantially started to re-evaluate its geopolitical assets through a series of active and multi-faceted regional diplomacy and mobilization initiatives. The widening of its sphere of influence and issueentanglement has taken serious proportions, which can be explained in the eyes of an external observer from the acknowledgement of the country’s vital geopolitical position, political influence and efficiency, and economic potential and dynamics. As a matter of fact, this shift has been materialized through a series of events that started from the noncompliance of the Turkish government to provide its facility services (i.e. military airports) for the needs of the NATO aircraft troops’ expedition in Iraq in 2003, stepping to the advancement of the country’s mediating role in the Arab-Israeli Conflict, passing from the enhancement of bilateral relations with Russia, and ending up with the wide and extrovert skepticism over the acquisition of the EU full membership status. Given these facts, Turkey seems to behave more confidently in the regional chessboard by balancing different interests while solidifying its voice and role as a pivotal power. This Policy Brief examines the way Turkey has achieved to re-assert its geopolitical role and aims to put a light on eventual steps that can set the country as an equal  interlocutor along with the US, Russia, and the EU, addressing the current global economic crisis and giving possible solutions to the major issues involved in its backyard.

Ensuring Peace and Security in Africa: Implemeting a new Africa - EU partnership

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Date added: 05/28/2010
Date modified: 07/06/2010
Filesize: 573.05 kB
Downloads: 534
Since 2002, the African Union (AU) has been making commendable efforts to prevent, manage and resolve conflicts on the African continent. However, the AU and its newly created structures still suffer huge shortcomings and rely significantly on external support. The Joint Africa-European Union (EU) Strategy and its Action Plan, adopted in December 2007 in Lisbon, established a Peace and Security Partnership. In preparation for the 2010 Africa-EU Summit, this publication brings together African and European views of the progress achieved so far by the AU and the EU in their joint efforts to address African wars and crises, and offers input on emerging priorities and what is still required to make the Partnership work.

Elephant in the room: The new G77 and China dynamics in climate talks

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Date added: 05/28/2010
Date modified: 07/06/2010
Filesize: 1000.98 kB
Downloads: 627
Antto Vihma
Researcher
The Finnish Institute of International Affairs

As immediate emotions after Copenhagen COP-15 have faded, space is opening for more measured and  systematic reflections on the lessons of the multilateral climate process. One key issue in global climate talks is the current state of the Group of 77 and China block of developing countries—its growing differences, and sources of solidarity.

The debate about Article 5 and its credibility What is it all about?

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Date added: 05/28/2010
Date modified: 07/06/2010
Filesize: 284.47 kB
Downloads: 490
Pål JONSON

Article 5 of the Washington Treaty stipulates that an  armed attack on one is an attack on all - and that the parties will take such action as deemed necessary to restore and maintain the security of the North Atlantic Area. It has been reiterated time and again that this commitment to collective defence is the bedrock of  NATO. For some time it was taken for granted without substantive discussions about the actual role and content of Article 5 within the Alliance. However, as the Alliance is in the process of adopting its third new Strategic Concept since the end of the cold war, Article 5 will, for the first time in almost two decades, be at the very top of the agenda of the difficult issues to address in reference to both its scope and its credibility.

Trade, Globalisation and emerging protectionism since the crisis

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Date added: 05/28/2010
Date modified: 07/06/2010
Filesize: 793.81 kB
Downloads: 699
Fredrik Erixon and Razeen Sally
ECIPE

The global economic crisis, and governments’ responses  to the crisis, did not precipitate a descent into 1930s-style protectionism. That is a relief. But it provides no refuge from policy measures that will slow down globalisation and growth in the next decade. “Creeping protectionism” is increasing, and the crisis has reinforced trends visible before the start of the crisis. New patterns of protectionism are similar to developments in the 1970s and 1980s rather than the 1930s. Domestic “crisis interventions”, especially in capital and product markets, and the return of Big Government, will spill over to external  policy, with more defensive trade policies as a consequence.