Symβiosis aims to provide resources, commentaries and analysis, on political, social and cultural ideas and developments affecting change and policy, original and creative, based on arguments, able to propose and debate solutions to critical issues, maintaining a broad intellectual scope and global reach that readers need to understand the choices shaping lives, and reflecting on Greece, the Balkans, Europe and the world.




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When financial markets force too much austerity

Date added: 05/28/2010
Date modified: 07/06/2010
Filesize: 99.62 kB
Downloads: 609
By Paul De Grauwe

This Commentary warns that a self-defeating deflationary dynamics threatens to envelop the whole eurozone, in  which the austerity being imposed by financial markets today makes recovery more difficult, thereby also making it harder to correct government deficits and debts. In the author’s view, this process can only be stopped by  agreeing quickly on mutual financial support. Paul De Grauwe is Professor of Economics at the Faculty of Business Economics at the University of Leuven and Senior Associate Research Fellow at CEPS.

What to expect of the Egyptian army?

Date added: 02/18/2011
Date modified: 02/18/2011
Filesize: 39.44 kB
Downloads: 556

Report, by Pierre Razoux

Hosni Mubarak's resignation from office and the wholesale transfer of his powers to a Supreme Military Council, comprising former notables of the outgoing regime, bring the Egyptian army to the centre of the political stage in this period of transition which began on 12th February 2011.

Bearing in mind the context and the balance of power, the new RD report analyzes the current situation, stating that it is not inconceivable that the army should favour coming to an agreement with the Muslim Brotherhood, still the best structured and most powerful political force in the country, while at the same time honouring Egypt's international commitments.

Violence in the North Caucasus

Date added: 08/12/2010
Date modified: 08/12/2010
Filesize: 730.03 kB
Downloads: 742
Sarah E. Mendelson, Matthew Malarkey, Lucy Moore
May 13, 2010

Spring 2010 (Jan 1 – Apr 30, 2010) was more deadly than the same period in 2008 and 2009 with more than 200 fatalities due to incidents of violence. Most alarming, suicide bombings remained a regular occurrence, with six carried out in just twelve days – including the two in the Moscow Metro. In this report, "Violence in the North Caucasus: Spring 2010, On the rise, again?" we present our findings, all of which illustrate the scope and scale of instability in the region.

This "Violence in the North Caucasus" report was made possible by a grant from the Open Society Institute.

Turkey’s Middle East policy challenged by Arab Spring

Date added: 10/11/2012
Date modified: 10/11/2012
Filesize: 112.07 kB
Downloads: 909

Francis Ghilès,
Senior Research Fellow, CIDOB

18 September 2012 / Opinión CIDOB, n.º 158 / E-ISSN 2014-0843

Two years ago Turkey was a confident player on the Middle East stage. Gone were the decades during which it gave the impression of being a pliant supplicant of the United States and Europe. Despite the damage to bilateral ties the country had long enjoyed with Israel - a consequence of Turkey’s harsh reaction to the badly mishandled raid by Israeli commandos on a convoy of ships bringing humanitarian assistance to Hamas-run Gaza in 2010, the country’s Middle East policy was widely admired.

Turkey’s Geopolitical Assertiveness

Date added: 05/28/2010
Date modified: 07/06/2010
Filesize: 311.42 kB
Downloads: 719
After 9/11 and the War on Terror, Turkey has  progressively and substantially started to re-evaluate its geopolitical assets through a series of active and multi-faceted regional diplomacy and mobilization initiatives. The widening of its sphere of influence and issueentanglement has taken serious proportions, which can be explained in the eyes of an external observer from the acknowledgement of the country’s vital geopolitical position, political influence and efficiency, and economic potential and dynamics. As a matter of fact, this shift has been materialized through a series of events that started from the noncompliance of the Turkish government to provide its facility services (i.e. military airports) for the needs of the NATO aircraft troops’ expedition in Iraq in 2003, stepping to the advancement of the country’s mediating role in the Arab-Israeli Conflict, passing from the enhancement of bilateral relations with Russia, and ending up with the wide and extrovert skepticism over the acquisition of the EU full membership status. Given these facts, Turkey seems to behave more confidently in the regional chessboard by balancing different interests while solidifying its voice and role as a pivotal power. This Policy Brief examines the way Turkey has achieved to re-assert its geopolitical role and aims to put a light on eventual steps that can set the country as an equal  interlocutor along with the US, Russia, and the EU, addressing the current global economic crisis and giving possible solutions to the major issues involved in its backyard.