Symβiosis aims to provide resources, commentaries and analysis, on political, social and cultural ideas and developments affecting change and policy, original and creative, based on arguments, able to propose and debate solutions to critical issues, maintaining a broad intellectual scope and global reach that readers need to understand the choices shaping lives, and reflecting on Greece, the Balkans, Europe and the world.

 

Europe

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Project "Europe 2030" - Challenges and Opportunities

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Date added: 11/06/2010
Date modified: 11/06/2010
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A report to the European Council by the Reflection Group on the Future of the EU 2030

Felipe González Márquez (Chairman), Vaira Vi?e-Freiberga (Vice-Chair), Jorma Ollila (Vice-Chair), Lykke Friis (until her nomination as Minister for Climate and Energy on 24 November 2009), Rem Koolhaas, Richard Lambert, Mario Monti, Rainer Münz, Kalypso Nicolaïdis, Nicole Notat, Wolfgang Schuster, Lech Walensa

Since the end of the Cold War, the speed and scope of change has been breathtaking. The last twenty years have left nothing untouched: how we work, how we consume, how we travel, how we relate to each other, the reasons we empathise, the issues that scare us have all been transformed. And most of these changes have caught us by surprise. The global financial crisis is only the latest in a series of events which have shaken our convictions and belief systems. For the first time in Europe's recent history there is widespread fear that today’s children will be less well off than their parents’ generation. Today, we live an age of insecurity.

 

The present and future of Turkeys membership negotiations with the EU

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Date added: 11/06/2010
Date modified: 11/06/2010
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Cengiz Aktar

This paper analyzes the present state of affairs regarding Turkey’s European Union bid at the occasion of the fifth anniversary of the debut of the negotiations. At the first glance the tableau looks rather grim, the membership negotiations stalled, the political dialogue stuck and even the 15-years old customs union jeopardized by numerous political and administrative impediments. Parallel and due to this state of affairs, Turkey’s modernization process once triggered by its aspirations to join the European Union is now fully Turkish driven. Despite this development, Turkey, the author argues, still benefits from the techniques, principles and standards of the Bloc and would need to do so in a foreseeable future.

Historical evolution of the Europeanization process of Turkey

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Date added: 11/06/2010
Date modified: 11/06/2010
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Sezer Özcan - Portuguese Journal of International Affairs

The concept of Europeanization has become a widespread political phenomenon since the beginning of the European integration process of Central and Eastern European states during the 1990s. Even though there is an increasing academic interest in the concept, most theoreticians argue that it has not been clearly defined yet, and that its meaning is ambiguous. This concept is mostly used as the European Union’s main tool for analyzing the impact on member states and candidate states. As the European Union (EU ) keeps enlarging its borders by integrating new member states and expanding its authority over national governments, arguments concerning the nature and future of the European Union are understandably becoming more profuse. Also, the widening and deepening of the EU bring about the question of adaptation to European laws, regulations, norms and values. This process of adaptation to European standards by both member states and candidate states is basically defined as ‘Europeanization’. Because the central argument of this article is that there is a strong link between Turkey’s Europeanization process and the country’s European vocation in accordance with European standards and procedures, it is fair to analyze the relationship between
Turkey and the EC /EU in a historical perspective, paying close attention to the main events impacting Turkey’s goal of EU membership.

The Key Role of Education in the Europe 2020 Strategy

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Date added: 11/06/2010
Date modified: 11/06/2010
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By Felix Roth and Anna-Elisabeth Thum
Economic Policy CEPS Working Documents

The EU 2020 Agenda has taken an important step forward by setting the target for tertiary graduation rates at an ambitious 40%. This paper finds that many European countries, however, including the largest economy – Germany – will not be able to meet this target. Moreover, the crucial topic of educational quality is not even touched upon. Comparing the EU with China in total numbers, the authors find that China's education system already produces the same number of graduates with tertiary education as the whole EU15. Given the large output of graduates, which is the key to productive spending on R&D, this means that China is likely to soon become a growing power in innovation. Initially the country is expected to concentrate on incremental innovation, with radical innovation to come only later and it is here, the authors warn, that the quality of the university system might represent a major obstacle in the Chinese government's efforts to close the gap with the US and the EU15 in terms of innovation potential.
Felix Roth is a CEPS Research Fellow and Anna-Elisabeth Thum is a Research Assistant at CEPS.

The Security Dimensions of a Cyprus Solution

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Date added: 10/12/2010
Date modified: 10/12/2010
Filesize: 270.99 kB
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James Ker-Lindsay

As a new round of talks to reunify Cyprus continues, there is a real sense that a solution might at long last be possible. Significantly, there also seems to be a desire by the two sides to reach their own settlement with minimal external input. However, while most issues can be dealt with at a bilateral level, security is one specific area that necessarily requires outside involvement, whether in terms of input from Greece, Turkey and the United Kingdom – the three Guarantor Powers – of from the wider international community. This paper explores the various dimensions of the security debate, examining the implications of a continued Greek and Turkish military presence on the island and the proposals for demilitarisation, which will require a rather more comprehensive approach to security than has hitherto been the case. In ensuring the island’s domestic stability, as well as securing its external defences, inventive thinking will be needed to reach some form of acceptable mechanism to ensure the island’s post-solution independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity.