Symβiosis aims to provide resources, commentaries and analysis, on political, social and cultural ideas and developments affecting change and policy, original and creative, based on arguments, able to propose and debate solutions to critical issues, maintaining a broad intellectual scope and global reach that readers need to understand the choices shaping lives, and reflecting on Greece, the Balkans, Europe and the world.

 

Europe

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New Challenges, New Beginnings - Next Steps in European Development Cooperation

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Date added: 01/18/2011
Date modified: 01/18/2011
Filesize: 2.81 MB
Downloads: 376

by European Think Tanks Group: DIE, ECDPM, FRIDE and ODI | 2010

It is a coincidence that two things have happened simultaneously - and the coincidence will be a happy one if the two can be brought together.

On the one hand, Europe has emerged from eight years of introspection with new structures, a new leadership team and a new platform (the Lisbon Treaty) for more effective collective action.

On the other hand, the global financial crisis has provided a sobering wake-up call about the extent of mutual inter-dependence and the scale of the challenges the world must face. The global challenges will shape international development cooperation in coming years and have already led to new thinking and new approaches.

The financial crisis affected all countries and revealed new vulnerabilities. The most affected suffered a combination of falling export volumes and values, lower financial flows, lower remittances, and sometimes lower aid. Although global recovery has begun, it is uneven in scale and speed. Countries entered and will leave the recession very differently equipped to manage the next wave of challenges. There is likely to be greater differentiation among developing countries as a result. Climate change will be by far the biggest of the next wave, but developing countries must also deal with rapid urbanisation, demographic change, and a whole range of global risks, from disease pandemics to the risk of new food crises. Fragile states pose an especially demanding challenge, to their own populations but also to the global community. A new age of challenges requires a new approach.

Recalibrating the open method of coordination towards diverse and more effective usages

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Date added: 01/18/2011
Date modified: 01/18/2011
Filesize: 547.46 kB
Downloads: 773

Susana Borrás and Claudio M. Radaelli - SIEPS report 2010:7

Susana Borrás is Professor at Copenhagen Business School, and visiting professor at CIRCLE, Lund University. Claudio M. Radaelli is Professor of Political Science and Jean Monnet Chair at the University of Exeter.
The Open Method of Coordination is a relatively new form of cooperation within the European Union. It is used to adjust the policies of the member states in order to reach common goals. The method is controversial. Critics have argued that there are limited effects whereas supporters stress the achievements in terms of efficiency as well as the democratic credentials. This report analyses the merits and problems of the method, and presents specific proposals on how it can be developed, particularly in view of the Europe 2020 strategy.

The spectre of a multipolar Europe

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Date added: 12/27/2010
Date modified: 12/27/2010
Filesize: 1.59 MB
Downloads: 557

Ivan Krastev & Mark Leonard
with Dimitar Bechev, Jana Kobzova & Andrew Wilson

The European Union has spent much of the last decade defending a European order that no longer functions, while hoping for a global order that will probably never come. It is true that war between major powers is unlikely, but EU governments know that the existing security institutions were unable to prevent the Kosovo crisis in 1998-99, to slow the arms race in the Caucasus, to prevent cuts to the EU’s gas supply in 2008, prevent the Russo-Georgian war or arrest instability in Kyrgyzstan in 2010 – let alone make headway in resolving the continent’s other so-called frozen conflicts.
The EU’s ‘unipolar moment’ is over. In the 1990s, the EU’s grand hope was that American hard power would underpin the spread of European soft power and the integration of all Europe’s powers into a liberal order – embodied in NATO and the EU – in which the rule of law, pooled sovereignty and interdependence would gradually replace military conflict, the balance of power and spheres of influence. However, the prospects for this unipolar multilateral European order are fading.

Constitutional Referendum in Turkey: Does it really mean more democracy?

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Date added: 12/27/2010
Date modified: 12/27/2010
Filesize: 146.95 kB
Downloads: 369

By Senem Ayd?n Düzgit

The constitutional package that was approved by Turkey’s electorate in the September 12th referendum can decidedly be considered a step forward towards the drafting of a new civilian constitution, which is sorely needed for a rapidly changing, vibrant and dynamic Turkey. Nevertheless, the referendum was bitterly fought between the governing AKP and the opposition parties – CHP and the ultra nationalist MHP – both of which launched a ‘no’ campaign and some 42% of the population voted against it. This Commentary explores why the initiative continues to be subject to debate and criticism in some segments of the mainstream media.
The author is Assistant Professor, Istanbul Bilgi University and Associate Research Fellow, CEPS.

Turkey and the EU: A play in search of a script

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Date added: 12/27/2010
Date modified: 12/27/2010
Filesize: 46.7 kB
Downloads: 385

By Riccardo Perissich

This Commentary warns that by continuing to act as if Turkey’s membership of the EU was still a credible prospect, the EU is dodging the critical issue of how to establish friendly and constructive relations with an independent, self-confident Turkey. More importantly, this approach prevents the EU from at last accepting that enlargement is not the only – nor necessarily the best – policy option available to deal effectively with a strategically important country on its borders.
The author, Riccardo Perissich, is Executive Vice-President of the Council for the United States and Italy and former Director General for the Internal Market and Industry in the European Commission. This series of Commentaries are contributed by members of EuropEos, a multidisciplinary group of jurists, economists, political scientists and journalists set up in 2002 with the aim of creating an ongoing forum for the discussion of European policy and institutional issues.