Symβiosis aims to provide resources, commentaries and analysis, on political, social and cultural ideas and developments affecting change and policy, original and creative, based on arguments, able to propose and debate solutions to critical issues, maintaining a broad intellectual scope and global reach that readers need to understand the choices shaping lives, and reflecting on Greece, the Balkans, Europe and the world.




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Development Aid in Europe: Set to Miss the 2010 Target

Date added: 03/18/2011
Date modified: 03/18/2011
Filesize: 294.58 kB
Downloads: 506
This paper assesses the current situation of aid in Europe, analyses the data and suggests an agenda which could put the EU, the world's first donor, back on track on its aid pledges

Alessandro Bozzini
consultant on governance and aid issues

2010 is a crucial year for aid and in general for development, both in Europe and worldwide. In September a UN "MDG +10" summit took place to assess progress towards the Millennium Development Goals ten years after they were launched and five years before the 2015 target date. While it is clear that achieving the MDGs requires much more than financial resources, providing more and better aid is one of the most tangible and concrete ways for donors to show their commitment to eradicate global poverty.

An Appraisal of the EU’s Trade Policy towards its Eastern Neighbours: The Case of Georgia

Date added: 03/18/2011
Date modified: 03/18/2011
Filesize: 634.2 kB
Downloads: 515

An assessesment the present state of the EU-Georgia discussions on a free trade agreement—to say 'negotiations' would be premature since

Author(s): Patrick Messerlin, Michael Emerson, Gia Jandieri and Alexandre Le Vernoy.

This study, conducted by researchers at Sciences Po in Paris, CEPS and the New Economic School of Georgia, assesses the present state of the EU-Georgia discussions on a free trade agreement and finds there is an urgent need for the European Commission to reshape its approach. To this end, the authors put forward concrete proposals that should be set in motion well before the autumn 2011 Eastern Partnership Summit.

Linking an EU emission reduction target beyond 20 % to energy security in Central and Eastern Europe

Date added: 03/17/2011
Date modified: 03/17/2011
Filesize: 413.33 kB
Downloads: 520
Thomas Spencer, Anna Korppoo, Kai-Olaf Lang and Martin Kremer

As the EU debates the merits of increasing its 2020 reduction target, energy security is likely to be a key issue, especially for the Central and Eastern European member countries. Stronger emissions reduction targets could potentially improve the energy security situation of CEE member states, in particular in vulnerable, peripheral countries highly reliant on imported fuels. Energy efficiency improvements and renewables expansion can make a significant contribution to reduced import dependency.

Securing Russia? New security law raises more questions than it answers

Date added: 02/18/2011
Date modified: 02/18/2011
Filesize: 586.25 kB
Downloads: 566

by Katri Pynnöniemi

Russia's new security law, accepted at the end of last December, is said to clarify the competences of the main state authorities in the field of security. It succeeds in doing so only in part, however, failing to provide clear guidelines on what is meant by security and how the different authorities should coordinate their actions.

National Renewable Energy Action Plans: Between ambition and reality

Date added: 02/10/2011
Date modified: 02/10/2011
Filesize: Empty
Downloads: 21
The Friends of Europe Café Crossfire on 30 June discussed EU and member state strategies for meeting the EU-wide target to source 20% of their energy needs from renewable sources by the year 2020.

The NREAPS are politically important in that they demonstrate member state commitments to moving towards a low-carbon economy. They also create a degree of certainty for all those investing in renewables in Europe, explained Philip Lowe, European Commission Director General for Energy.

While the NREAPS are a necessary step for individual member states' progress towards meeting the 20-20-20 targets, collectively they will aid the European Commission in crafting an ambitious and solid roadmap for the EU as a whole, integrating realistic policies towards creating a greener economy in 2050, said Paul Magnette, Belgium's Minister for Climate and Energy.