Symβiosis aims to provide resources, commentaries and analysis, on political, social and cultural ideas and developments affecting change and policy, original and creative, based on arguments, able to propose and debate solutions to critical issues, maintaining a broad intellectual scope and global reach that readers need to understand the choices shaping lives, and reflecting on Greece, the Balkans, Europe and the world.




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Making or breaking the European future of Kosovo

Date added: 06/08/2010
Date modified: 07/06/2010
Filesize: 126.21 kB
Downloads: 664

Policy Recommendations for the EU and Kosovo  authorities
Paper prepared by a group of Kosovar experts and representatives of Kosovo civil society

Vienna/Brussels, 31 May and 1 June 2010

During the next few days, the leaders of the European Union and the Western Balkan states will meet in Sarajevo to reiterate the ‘European perspective’ on the region. Given the slow and stagnant European integration of the Western Balkan countries and the alarming situation in Kosovo, we foresee a ‘make or break’ moment for the Lisbon-reformed EU to renew its commitment to the region.

The EU needs to have a clear and common stance, especially on Kosovo. Disunity inside the EU has been
hampering the work of EULEX, its largest Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) mission, responsible for ‘rule of law’ assistance and support to the Kosovo authorities. Coherence in the implementation of the EULEX mandate together with much stronger commitment from the Kosovo authorities is needed in order to overcome severe political and socioeconomic challenges as well as the remaining inter-ethnic tensions and divisions inside Kosovo society.

Organised crime and corruption in and around South-Eastern Europe: trends and counter-efforts

Date added: 01/18/2011
Date modified: 01/18/2011
Filesize: 406.52 kB
Downloads: 662
by Dr. Sappho Xenakis | ELIAMEP Thesis, October 2010

In the latest issue of ELIAMEP Thesis Dr. Sappho Xenakis suggests that with financial pressures weighing increasingly heavily on policy-making for national and non-state actors alike it now is a good time to evaluate the lessons of interventions against organised crime and corruption in South-Eastern Europe over the past two decades. After offering a review of trends in organised crime and corruption as well as of efforts to counter them, the paper distills the incipient debate over lessons to be learned for future policy-making in these areas. In particular, these lessons pertain to the relationship between local, national and international priorities and concerns, the appropriate configuration of evidence and expertise in policy-planning, and the proper geographical scope of remedial actions.

Decentralization in Kosovo I: Municipal elections and the Serb participation

Date added: 09/15/2010
Date modified: 09/15/2010
Filesize: 177.24 kB
Downloads: 647

Prepared by: Ilir Deda


Kosovo completed one of the most challenging phases of Ahtisaari’s Comprehensive Status Proposal (CSP) of creation of new municipalities and the process of decentralization by holding the municipal elections on 15 November, 2009. These elections were crucial in two aspects – they were the first ones organized after the declaration of independence, while the Serb participation was fundamental to legitimize the creation of new municipalities. Kosovo succeeded in both – showed the capability to organize autonomously elections, while the Serb participation was a blow to Belgrade and the idea of partition of Kosovo. The Serbs won in four municipalities, boycotted in three in northern Kosovo, lost in one, while the elections for the new municipality of Mitrovica North and Partesh/Parteš in eastern Kosovo should be held in May 2010. The overall Serb turnout was ten times higher in the elections in independent Kosovo than in November 2007, while Kosovo was still administered by UNMIK.

Spanish Foreign Policy in the Balkans: Wasted Potential

Date added: 05/28/2010
Date modified: 07/06/2010
Filesize: 166.97 kB
Downloads: 644
Sofía Sebastián

Spanish foreign policy in the Balkans dates back almost exclusively to the 1990s with the break-up of the former Yugoslavia. The Bosnian War in 1992 also sparked off a new stage in Spanish cooperation, which until then had centred on North Africa, theMiddle East and Latin America. Spain’s participation in the Balkans has been guided by the interest in maintaining peace and stability in the region, within the general framework of the international community’s intervention. This has been carried out through three main channels: a general foreign policy framework defined according to international community directives (until 2008); the deployment of troops in the area; and cooperation assistance aimed at physically rebuilding and pacifying the region.

Effects of Civilian Support and Military Unity on the Outcome of Coups - The Cases of Turkish and Greek Military Interventions

Date added: 05/10/2010
Date modified: 07/06/2010
Filesize: 225.29 kB
Downloads: 641

Effects of Civilian Support and Military Unity on the Outcome of Coups: The
Cases of Turkish and Greek Military Interventions

Yaprak Gürsoy

Post-Doctoral Fellow
Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences
Social and Political Sciences Program
Sabanc? University
Tuzla, Istanbul

Paper prepared for presentation at the
2007 Biennial International Conference of the
Inter-University Seminar on Armed Forces and Society
Chicago, 26-28 October

Draft: Please do not cite without permission.
Comments and suggestions are welcome.