Symβiosis aims to provide resources, commentaries and analysis, on political, social and cultural ideas and developments affecting change and policy, original and creative, based on arguments, able to propose and debate solutions to critical issues, maintaining a broad intellectual scope and global reach that readers need to understand the choices shaping lives, and reflecting on Greece, the Balkans, Europe and the world.


ICG latest report: The Rule of Law in Independent Kosovo


More than two years after declaring independence, Kosovo struggles with uneven rule of law and a weak justice system that is failing its citizens. The police, public prosecutors and courts are erratic performers, prone to political interference and abuse of office. Organised crime and corruption are widespread and growing. Realising that prosperity, relations with the European Union (EU) and affirmation as an independent state depend on the rule of law, the government has taken important steps, replacing key officials and passing long-delayed reforms. But critical weaknesses remain, notably in the courts, and the government, supported by the international community, must act swiftly to curtail them.


Koha Ditore Interview, Johannes Vreeswijk, EULEX Prosecutor

06 may 2010 Full transcript of the conversation with the Koha Ditore journalist

Q: Mr. Johaness, has EULEX made a spectacle a week ago?

A: No, this was an operation executed under the normal parameters. So when you conduct an operation like that, you make sure you can secure the  premises, you stop [inaudible] The carabinieri you saw there [inaudible] external security, then all the staff went to do the search. This is standard staff to secure premises. When you have a court trial, with a high-profile defendant, then you also see big guys with guns outside and inside. But this is a normal measure to protect the quality of the investigation. And anybody can come in and out, including press, etc. You can not search although you would like to be there, of course, but that’s not really useful.  This is standard staff. You can ask the question: “Do you need all those weapons, because this is not war situation whatsoever”, but this is standard equipment of the carabinieri. That’s it. So it looks impressive, macho, but the main [inaudible] is securing the external parameter [inaudible]. This is standard procedure.


Local Policies in Multiethnic Communities Case Study: Gjilan/Gnjilane


Short Description of the Municipality

The municipality of Gjilan is one from the 7 largest municipalities in Kosovo. Located some 47 km southeast of Prishtina, and encompassing an area of 515 km2.. This municipality is also the administrative center of the District of Gjilan.[1] Gjilan borders both, Macedonia and Serbia. Apart from the town, the municipality has 63 villages and it is divided in 54 cadastral zones.


Comparative Analysis of Local Policies in Multiethnic Communities


Municipalities are the best target for enhancement of the relations between communities and can also serve as the best barometer of the real will for the inclusion of all communities in the social life. The experience in the area of functioning multiethnic communities show that the position of the minorities in local communities is not bound only by a formal-judicial framework, or even by the existence of a multitude of institutions to safeguard the rights of the population, but at the same time the flaws in the framework, or institutional set-up can open the floodgates of mistrust between the communities.


Local Policies in Multiethnic Communities - Case Study: Obiliq/Obilić


 The territory of the municipality of Obiliq spreads over 105 km2. It has a total of 21 settlements and an estimated population of 30,000 inhabitants. This figure is a very broad estimation, for the last census in Kosovo took place in 1981[1], and there were huge demographic changes that have occurred since then, especially before, during and after 1999.


Local Policies in Multiethnic Communities Case Study: Prizren

KIPREDShort description of the municipality

Prizren is a city located in southern Kosovo with a rich historical tradition. It is the administrative center of the homonymous municipality. The Prizren District is one from the seven districts of Kosovo (which are the higher-level administrative divisions), with a seat in Prizren. This district includes the municipalities of: Prizren, Dragash, Suhareka, Malisheva and the Pilot Municipal Unit of Mamuşa/Mamushë/Mamuša.